The digital revolution in the field of information technology is considered increasingly urgent. Priorities include fix access and mobile broadband in order to reach the region, while providing acceleration of the digital economy. The government was asked to fix the internet infrastructure in Indonesia.
Chairman of the Association of Telecommunication Network Providers (Apjatel), Lukman Adjam said the government already has a broadband program as stipulated in Presidential Decree No. 96 of 2014 on Indonesia Pitalebar Plan 2014-2019, as a result of stakeholders agreement ICT industry at the time. In it has been announced target of ICT industry infrastructure development until 2019.
“We must be prepared, do not be late to prepare, especially Indonesia will get demographic bonus in 2020-2030.I hope President Jokowi soon issue presidential instruction to accelerate the development of fiber optic network,” explained Lukman in his statement Tuesday 28 November 2017.
In the Presidential Decree, mobile-based infrastructure in 2019 must reach 100 percent of urban areas with a capacity of 1 Mbps, while 71 percent for fixed broadband reaches households with a capacity of 20 Mbps. While in rural areas, the 2019 target in the Keppres, mobile broadband can reach 100 percent with 512 Kbps capacity and 49 percent rural households with a capacity of 10 Mbps.
However, according to Lukman, the current achievement on a national average, for new mobile broadband 93 percent. All major cities have affordable 3G mobile networks, while the district level is already 98 percent affordable 3G mobile network. While the 4G mobile broadband network in the new city 40 percent, even in the countryside only 14 percent. To fix broadband nationally only 6 percent entirely.
Lukman explains, Palapa Ring is not enough to be a backbone. According to him, should be added optical fiber. The Palapa Ring is considered the backbone needed to reach out to the buildings. While the acceleration requires fiber optic support, licensing and coordination with the region.
While in Indonesia is still slow, some countries have used fiber optics because technologically, fiber optics can deliver data up to 10 Gbps without radio interference such as cellular. In addition, fiber optic infrastructure and services can last more than 10 years consistently without significant interruptions from weather, power failures or other environmental conditions such as those occurring in cellular technology and other data technologies.
Initially, fiber optics was held for the corporate segment, now extending into retail, especially housing known as Fiber to The Home (FTTH). FTTH has its own appeal to the modern society that has the need for internet access, to accommodate the users’ digital lives.
One telecom operator ready to accelerate FTTH growth is GIG released by Indosat Ooredoo.
As is known, the average internet speed in Indonesia is 6.4 Mbps, still far from broadband speed in South Korea which leads with 26.3 Mbps. With fiber optic or FTTH, believed its speed reach many times.